Reducing Sugars, Properties and Examples

Reducing Sugars, Properties and Examples

Reducing Sugars According to the American Diabetes Association, carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy. Because they have carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen as chemical constituents, roughly (C.H₂O)n with n≥3, they are called carbohydrates. Examples of carbohydrates are sugars, fiber, and starches found in fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy products. Monosaccharides are the building blocks of … Read more

What is Chromatography and How Does it Work?

What is Chromatography and How Does it Work?

What is Chromatography and How Does it Work? What is Chromatography and How Does it Work? What is Chromatography Chromatography is an important biophysical technique that allows for the separation, identification, and purification of the components of a mixture for qualitative and quantitative analysis. A wide range of chromatographic methods exploit differences in size, binding … Read more

Zika Virus (ZIKV)-Describe

Zika Virus (ZIKV)-Describe The re-emerging arbovirus, Zika virus (ZIKV), was first identified in rhesus monkeys in the Zika forest, Uganda, about 70 years ago. It is a single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family, transmitted by the Aedes mosquito. The two main geographically separated lineages include the Asian and African lineages; The African lineage of … Read more

Alternation of generations definition, Life cycle

Alternation of generations definition, Life cycle Alternation of generations can be defined as the reproductive cycle of certain vascular plants, fungi, and protists, in which each phase consists of one of two distinct, free-living organisms: a gametophyte, which is often but not always genetically haploid, and a sporophyte, which is often but is not always … Read more

Allosteric Inhibition Definition

Allosteric Inhibition Definition Allosteric inhibition is the slowing down of enzyme-catalyzed chemical reactions that take place in cells. These metabolic processes are responsible for the proper functioning and maintenance of balance in our body, and allosteric inhibition can help regulate these processes. Essentially, metabolic processes break down and important molecules are formed. They are essential … Read more

Selective Permeability Definition, &Function

Selective Permeability Definition Selective permeability is a property of cell membranes that only allows certain molecules to enter or leave the cell. This is important for the cell to maintain its internal order regardless of changes in the environment. For example, depending on metabolic activity, water, ions, glucose, and carbon dioxide must be imported or … Read more

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum The rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER rough) is part of the cell’s endomembrane system and a subset of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This organelle is mainly concerned with the synthesis, folding, and modification of proteins, especially those that have to be delivered to different organelles within the cell or secreted by the cell. … Read more

Buffalo Fish- The Basics, Feeding Adaptations, Habitat

Buffalo Fish- Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Actinopterygii Order Cypriniformes Family Catostomidae Genus Ictiobinae Species 5 distinct species Niche Apex Predator Length Up to 4 feet (1.2 m) Weight Up to 82 lbs (45-70kg) Lifespan Up to 112 years! Social Structure Solitary to Gregarious Conservation Status Least Concern, though some places have specific protections Preferred … Read more

X-Ray Fish-Facts and Basics, and Description

X-Ray Fish Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Actinopterygii Order Characiformes Family Characidae Genus Pristella Species P. maxillaris Niche Aquatic fish Length 1.6-1.9 in (3.2-5 cm) Lifespan 2-5 years Social Structure Schooling Conservation Status Not listed (common) Preferred Habitat Freshwater ponds and lakes in South America Average Spawn Size 350 Main Prey Species Worms, insects, small … Read more

The decline of insects

The decline of insects In recent decades, a certain awareness has been created about an everyday phenomenon that could have serious environmental consequences: insects that hit the windshield of our cars. Or, to be more exact, the fact that the number of insects hitting the windshield has drastically decreased. It is common knowledge that years ago the windshields were … Read more